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For additional information from the American Urological Association on urologic conditions, click here.

Common Urologic Conditions

We provide state of the art urology services to our patients for a full spectrum of urology-specific problems and male infertility.

Enlarged Prostate (BPH)

Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is not simply a case of too many prostate cells. Prostate growth involves hormones, occurs in different types of tissue and affects men differently. As a result of these differences, treatment varies in each case. >> Click here to learn more.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer, like other cancers, is a disease of the body’s cells.  Normal cells reproduce themselves by dividing—facilitating growth and replacing worn-out and injured tissue. Cancer is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal body cells.  Occasionally, cells grow abnormally into a tumor mass. Some tumors are benign (non-cancerous); others are malignant, or cancerous. Cancers invade and destroy nearby tissues and organs or spread to other parts of the body. >> Click here to learn more.

There are over 72,000 new cases of bladder cancer diagnosed each year and approximately 15,000 Americans die from bladder cancer annually. While blood in the urine may represent the first sign of bladder cancer, a personal history of smoking significantly increases one’s risk of developing this disease. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are essential to improving survival. >> Click here for more information.

Over 60,000 new cases of kidney cancer were diagnosed in 2014. Although anyone can develop kidney cancer, a personal history of smoking and a family history of kidney cancer represent two factors that can increase someone’s risk. Once diagnosed, a comprehensive and individualized approach is essential to determine the optimal therapy for each patient. Some therapies performed by our urologists include innovative surgical and ablative techniques such as CT guided percutaneous cryoablation of renal masses. >> Click here to learn more. >

Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. Whether the blood is visible only under a microscope or visible to the naked eye, hematuria is a sign that something is causing bleeding in the genitourinary tract which could be the kidneys, the ureters (tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder), the prostate gland (in men), the bladder, or the urethra (tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body). >> Click here to learn more.

Substances in urine (uric acid and calcium in particular) can crystallize within the kidney and form rocklike particles called stones. The medical term for this condition is nephrolithiasis, or renal stone disease. Kidney stones may be as small as a grain of sand or larger than a golf ball. They may be smooth, round, jagged, spiky, or asymmetrical, depending on their composition. Most stones are yellow or brown in color, but variations in chemical composition can produce stones that are tan, gold, or black. >> Click here to learn more.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability of a man to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for his sexual needs or the needs of his partner. Most men experience this inability at some point in their lives, usually by age 40, and are not psychologically affected by it. Some men experience chronic, complete erectile dysfunction (impotence), and others achieve partial or brief erections. Frequent erectile dysfunction can cause emotional and relationship problems, and often leads to diminished self-esteem. It has many causes, most of which are treatable, and is not an inevitable consequence of aging. >> Click here to learn more.

Incontinence is the accidental loss of urine. Different types of incontinence include urge incontinence and stress incontinence. In general, depending upon symptoms and physical exam findings, the two
types of leakage can be differentiated and management tailored accordingly. Occasionally, additional diagnostic studies are needed.

Stress urinary incontinence occurs in the presence of increased intraabdominal pressure that may occur with coughing or sneezing. Options for managing stress incontinence range from exercises directed at strengthening the pelvic floor muscles to outpatient surgery. Urge incontinence refers to the sudden, strong need to urinate resulting in leakage of urine and the inability to reach the toilet in time. Certain behavioral changes and medications may be used to treat this type of incontinence. >> Click here to learn more.

Infertility affects approximately 15% of couples and in over 40% of cases the reproductive issue is related to the male. There are a number of reasons that a male may not be able to produce or deliver healthy sperm. Therefore, the work-up for infertility includes a comprehensive evaluation by an urologist with interpretation of a
semen sample, lab tests and possible imaging studies. The treatment options include changes in behavior, medication, surgery and assisted reproductive technologies. >>Click here to learn more.

Vasectomy is the most common form of male contraception in this country. Each year, about half a million men in the United States who want to practice reliable birth control without placing the burden on their female partners undergo this relatively simple surgical procedure. >> Click here to learn more.

A hydrocele is a fluid filled sac surrounding the testicle. This entity is not uncommon in infants and often disappears within the first year of life. When diagnosed in children, the fluid often communicates with the abdomen and is associated with a small hernia. If the hydrocele persists, then an outpatient surgical procedure may be performed.

A circumcision is a surgical procedure that removes the skin covering the tip of the penis. In many countries, this procedure is performed on newborns for religious or cultural reasons. If proper hygiene can be maintained, the surgery is not medically needed, but may be performed on an elective basis.

 

 
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